Bulgarian Standardization of Morris Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale

Margarita Dilova, Eva Papazova, Metodi Koralov


A Bulgarian standardization of Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale was made on a sample of 1498 subjects, aged 14 through 64. The Bulgarian version of the scale showed high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha - .82). Exploratory factor analysis led to a two-factor solution, as in many other studies, with negative items loading on a second factor. There were no sex differences in the level of self-esteem. Subjects older than 30 years had slightly higher self-esteem than younger subjects: t(1496) = 3.52, p < .001, d = 0.18. The mean level of self-esteem was 5 points above the theoretical midpoint of the scale, thus confirming the universal tendency for positive self-evaluation. Several studies gave support for the construct validity of the scale.


Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale; Bulgarian standardization

Full Text: