Gender Differences in Depression Symptoms: Findings From a Population Survey in Kosovo – A Country in Transition

Aliriza Arenliu, Kaltrina Kelmendi, Dashamir Berxulli

Abstract


This paper focuses on gender differences in depression symptoms. It takes into consideration relevant contextual factors of a country in transition. This paper’s analyzed data was extracted from European Social Survey, Sixth Round (ESS-6). ESS uses strict probability samples of the resident national population, aged 15 or older, and living in private households. Females reported a significantly higher mean depression on average (M = 8.14; SD = 3.88) compared to males (M = 7.56; SD = 3.86) at t(1247) = 2.604, p ˂ .009. The average for depressive symptoms found in the Kosovar population was higher than the averages reported in other European countries, but corresponded with those in Eastern European countries.


Keywords


gender differences; depression symptoms; transition; Kosovo

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